chip technology
optical lithography
overview how it works future applications for researchers

Dramatic increases in performance and ever-decreasing prices are a hallmark of personal computers and other consumer and business electronics. This powerful combination is attributable in part to innovations in the design and manufacturing of integrated circuits. IBM has made major contributions in the field of semiconductor research and manufacturing, including advances in optical lithography, a key technology in chip production.  For a glimpse into IBM's work with optical lithography, find out  how it works.